Experts and academics meet to analyse the Spanish exile in Mexico


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The European and Ibero-American Academy of Yuste Foundation has programmed in Almendralejo, 80 years after the end of the Spanish Civil War, a course to analyse the Spanish exile in Mexico.

The inauguration took place last Monday with the attendance of Juan Carlos Moreno and Cesar Chaparro, Director and Academic Director of the European and Ibero-American Academy of Yuste Foundation respectively; Carmen Fernandez-Daza, Director of the University Centre Santa Ana de Almendralejo; and Modesto Miguel Rangel Mayoral, course director.

Juan Carlos Moreno has pointed out that this course “comes to pay off, in a minimal part, the great debt that Spain has with Mexico for the generous welcome it had 80 years ago with the Spaniards, who saw themselves forced to leave their country.

The Director of the Yuste Foundation has stressed that “the disaster of the Civil War was colossal” and he wondered if eight decades after its conclusion society was capable of understanding in all its dimension the drama involved in the exodus of thousands of Spaniards “for the simple fact of being on the opposite side of their brothers, Spaniards who had committed no crime other than to think differently”.

In this sense, Moreno has advocated recalling this fact to analyse the current situation we live in when thousands of people flee their countries because of ideological, conscience or economic reasons.

Moreno wanted to have a memory of gratitude to the people and institutions that made it possible to welcome our fellow countrymen and women in Mexico, very different from that offered in other countries.

On the other hand, the Director of the Yuste Foundation has pointed out that this course is special because it is the first time that a course included in the Yuste Campus, the training programme that includes the summer courses of the Foundation, originates from the official headquarters of the Royal Monastery of Yuste.

Furthermore, the Director of the University Centre Santa Ana de Almendralejo has coincided in pointing out her gratitude to “that memory, which is not so distant, of Mexico’s generosity welcoming more than 20,000 Spaniards, coming from the tragedy they experienced, to find an intellectual, affective and human solution to the situation they lived”.

Carmen Fernández-Daza stressed that this course could serve as a reflection to prevent episodes like this from happening again, and that “generosity prevails in this globalised world”. She has also highlighted the interest that has awakened in several institutions in the Aztec country for what is debated and exposed “by the scientific height of this summer course”.

Rangel Mayoral underlined the magnificent response that this course has had from students, and pointed out that it has been designed from a disciplinary point of view and with a globalising perspective.

The Director of the course has said that this congress has a scientific and technical component, but above all, it has “a human and sentimental part”. In this sense, he stressed that “it is very difficult because we are talking about emotions and feelings that happened a long time ago, but it is important to rescue them to be present today”.

For two days, 17 and 18 June, experts and academics will meet at the Santa Ana University Centre in Almendralejo to tackle Spanish exile in Mexico from different and varied perspectives ranging from poetry, theatre, literature, architecture, pedagogy or social work.

Among the speakers who will participate in the course are Manuel Aznar Soler, professor of Contemporary Spanish Literature at the Autonomous University of Barcelona and director of the Literary Exile Studies Group (GEXEL); José Ramón López García, professor at the Autonomous University of Barcelona, co-director of GEXEL; Mario Martín Gijón, professor at the University of Extremadura and member of GEXEL; José Luis Bernal Salgado, dean of the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters at the University of Extremadura; Manuel Pecellín Lancharro, professor of Anthropology at the Santa Ana University Centre, secretary of the Real Academia de las Letras y las Artes de Extremadura; Rubén Cabecera Soriano, doctor of Architecture and professor at the Santa Ana university Centre; Delia Manzanero Fernández, professor of Philosophy at the Universidad Rey Juan Carlos and member of the European Alumni Network of Yuste; and Modesto Miguel Rangel Mayoral, professor at the Santa Ana University Centre and member of ‘Extrem@mérica’, Research Group at the University of Extremadura.

The Santa Ana University Centre and the ‘Extrem@mérica’ Research Group of the University of Extremadura are collaborating in organising the congress.